The lubrication methods of Steel Rolling Mills are as followings:
The basic methods of steel rolling mills lubrication are thin oil lubrication, dry oil lubrication, and oil mist lubrication. Thin-oil lubrication uses mineral oil (liquid lubricant) as a lubricant. Because the thin oil has the characteristics of fluidity, adhesion to the metal surface, certain viscosity and heat capacity, it can adhere to the surface of the lubricated part and can form fluid dynamic pressure, so that the friction surfaces are separated from each other. It also removes the heat generated by the friction from the friction surface. The performance of thin oil is relatively stable and has a certain antiseptic effect. However, the thin oil is not easy to seal, and the lubricating surface of the device easily invades impurities such as water and iron oxide.
Oil mist lubrication is a new way of lubrication. In the atomizer, the lubricating oil is atomized into extremely small oil particles under the action of filtered and compressed air. The fine oil particles are then mixed with the compressed air, and a small oil droplet is condensed onto the friction surface through the pipe and the condensation nozzle. Oil mist lubrication consumes less fuel, has a lower operating temperature, has a better lubrication effect, and saves maintenance costs. However, oil mist lubrication has high requirements for sealing of steel rolling mills, and strict requirements for oil quality and compressed air.
Dry oil lubrication actually uses a grease-like grease (also called butter) as a lubricant. Grease is a grease made of lubricating oil plus thickener. Besides its lubricating property, it has strong adhesion, so it has good protection performance and seals the friction surface to avoid metal corrosion and impurity intrusion. After adding the grease once, the steel rolling mills can be operated for a period of time and is convenient to use. However, the energy consumption during operation is larger than that of thin oil, and it is not suitable for high-speed operation equipment.